Suchitwa Mission (SM) extends technical support to Local Self Government Institutions in identifying issues, suggesting mitigation measures in Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSW). Accordingly, the Mission helps the Local Self Governments to prepare Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) for the construction of new waste treatment plants as well as modification of existing plants including up-gradation of all components of MSW. The Mission scrutinizes the DPRs technically and issues technical approval for the projects. 100% financial support for implementation of these projects is provided to the LSGIs. The scheme includes construction/modification of waste treatment plants includes establishment of Plastic shredding units, Up-gradation of solid waste management facility, support in establishing Material Recovery Facility (MRF), facilitation for preparation of DPRs, etc. Considering the gravity of the problem, now SM focuses on the missing components in the Solid Waste Management System i.e. Development of Sanitary landfill, Green belt, Resource Recovery Centre/Material Recovery Facility for the Management of non-biodegradables including e-waste. The Resource Recovery Centres/MRF will help the local bodies to collect the non-degradable and to hand over the same to Recyclers/scrap dealers in a massive manner. Community level composting/biogas units of bigger sizeis also promoted in this component. Development of Regional Sanitary Landfill is another focus area of Suchitwa Mission.
Material Recovery Facilities
MRF is a centre where non-compostable solid waste can be temporarily stored by the local body or any person authorised by the ULB to facilitate segregation, sorting and recovery of various components of waste by informal sector of waste pickers or any other work force engaged for the purpose before the waste in delivered or taken up for its processing or disposal. Suchitwa Mission provides technical and financial support to Local Self Government Institutions for such units. 30 MRFs have been established in the year 2016-17 in 8 districts.
The concept ‘Swap-Shop’, aims at providing a public system for exchanging reusable goods that could be useful for others. Local self-governance bodies have the primary responsibility for arranging the functions of swap-shops, which are being set up with active public participation of 93 municipalities. As part of the campaign, drop facility centres that would collect and store the permissible items from public have been put up at various places by local self-governing bodies.
The collected materials would be segregated and displayed in stalls.
Suchitwa Mission provides technical and financial support to the local bodies for their projects of households, institutional or communities level (source level) composting facilities such as Ring Composting, Kitchen Bin Composting, Pot Composting, Bio-gas plants etc. All composting facilities are eligible for subsidy of 75% from Suchitwa Mission and 50% for bio-gas plants. For source level composting facilities and bio-gas plants Local Self Government contributes a subsidy of 15% & 25% respectively.
Households, flats, residential colonies, institutions, hospitals and schools are encouraged to do source level segregation and source level treatment of bio-degradable fraction of solid waste. This approach helps to treat half of the waste generated from these sources at source. Currently 75% subsidy is given for source level treatment for biogas plants (50% by Suchitwa Mission and 25% by the Local Bodies; 25% by the beneficiary). In the case of different types of compost systems, 90% subsidy (75% by Suchitwa Mission, 15% by Local Bodies; 10% by the beneficiary) is given. The source level treatment of waste is encouraged by giving subsidy to hotels, chicken stalls, hospitals, schools, offices at the rate of 50% from the Government subject to a maximum of Rs. 1 lakh.
Septage treatment plants are the need of the hour and it is the responsibility of the local bodies to establish such facilities in their jurisdiction to control unscientific disposal of septic tank sludge. The septage contain coliform bacteria, pathogens, heavy metals etc.Its unscientific discharge eventually resultsin black water getting mixed with water sources polluting water bodies, increasing communicable disease incidences, work loss and loss of academic days among children etc.
The issue needs to be addressed and Suchitwa mission provides all required support to local self-government instructions to come up with viable projects and provides technical sanctions for those which fit good in terms of prescribed specifications
The Mission supports the local bodies in the areas of Technology, design, specification, estimate, operation and maintenance strategy, implementation plan for liquid waste management system to concerned local bodies.
Present system of killing animals poses several significant logistical, and public health and pollution problems. A slaughterhouse/abattoir is a facility where animals are scientifically and hygienically killed for consumption as food. Public aversion makes it difficult to finalise location for slaughterhouses. It is the responsibility of LSGs to comply with the rules and regulations regarding slaughtering activity that comes under their jurisdiction.
In these circumstances, Suchitwa mission along with urban directorate is providing technical and financial sanctions and assistance to LSGIs for their projects of modern abattoirs. LSGs are eligible for a 50% subsidy for setting up Slaughter house if they come up with good projects.
Suchitwa mission along with the urban directorate is providing technical and financial sanctions and technical assistance to LSGs for their projects of LPG crematorium.
c. Pre-Monsoon Cleaning Activity
During Monsoon season, contagious diseases usually hit many places in the State. One of the main reasons is blocking of drainage systems with garbage and mud - for the spread of mosquitoes and other vectors. Local bodies need to conduct dry day and need to dispose of the accumulated solid waste prior to monsoon. Suchitwa Mission has been providing an amount of Rs.10, 000/- and Rs. 20,000/- for grama panchayat and ULBs respectively for conducting pre-monsoon cleaning activities every year.
In the year 2016-17 too Suchitwa Mission provided funds on this account
d. Assistance to promote recycling and other eco-friendly industries, business, enterprises, etc.
As most of the non-biodegradable waste has a good recycling value and since recycling is one of the most environment friendly activities, such industries which recycle waste and produce useful products should be encouraged. Likewise, production and sales of other eco-friendly products (cloth bags for instance) should also be encouraged. Therefore, it is envisaged that such industries and businesses can be encouraged through Capital subsidy and other such instruments of financial assistance to given either directly or through Industries Department. Assistance to Panchayats shall be provided based on projects.
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Suchitwa Mission is a Society registered under the Travancore Cochin Literary Scientific and Charitable Societies Registration Act (Act 12 of 1955).It is an organization of Government of Kerala, under the Local Self Government Department responsible for evolving implementation strategy, providing policy in the sectors of sanitation and various solid and liquid waste management issues, providing technical inputs for sanitation and waste management projects and has been functioning as the nodal agency for assisting Cities, Municipalities and Panchayats in sanitation and waste management aspects